How can organizations improve their security posture?
An organization’s security posture is defined by its overall readiness and preparation level to guard against a cyber attack. There are several cybersecurity measures organizations can take to improve their security posture.
1. Begin with a security audit – Assessing risk lets you identify all of your technology assets and assigns a vulnerability level to each of them based on their underlying technology and importance to the business, allowing you to prioritize the systems most in need of protection.
2. Create a strong security policy – To maximize security and safety, organizations need rules governing how their technology systems are allowed to be accessed by end users. These policies should include rules around password length and reuse; the use of unauthorized equipment, software, and services; protocols for incident response; and points of contact for the cybersecurity operations team.
3. Expand cybersecurity tools – Security posture can be dramatically improved by implementing solutions that can automate large portions of your security defenses, including firewall devices, antimalware, authentication and access management, encryption software, penetration testing and vulnerability scanning tools, intrusion detection software, and network monitoring tools.
4. Monitor service providers – Today’s typical network involves myriad third parties, largely in the form of cloud services. Each of these represents a potential cybersecurity risk requiring the same careful monitoring as if it was part of your own internal network.
5. Track metrics over time – After determining what the key metrics are — total number of discovered vulnerabilities per day, mean time to correct a vulnerability, etc. — the organization can track them over time to determine whether overall security posture is improving or degrading.
6. Implement employee training – The above tactics are useless without dedication to ongoing employee training that ensures workers are aware of and are following the security policies you’ve carefully designed.