Data privacy is a subset of data protection concerned with the protection and access of personal data. It's important that individuals have the ability to determine for themselves how and why their personal data is accessible by others. In some jurisdictions, there are laws governing data privacy.
Some of the laws and regulatory compliance frameworks meant to protect data privacy include the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), national data protection laws in countries like Canada and Japan, and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). Additionally, there are many industry-specific regulations, such as HIPPA in the United States, which focuses on personal healthcare data.